Organic Wine: Organic wine is made from grapes grown in accordance with principles of organic farming, which typically exclude the use of artificial chemical fertilizers, pesticides, fungicides, herbicides. To be certified organic, a producer has to be approved by the USDA or a recognized third party certifier. The legal definition of organic wine varies from country to country. The primary difference in the way organic wine is defined relates to the use or non use of preservatives, specifically sulfur (sulfur dioxide, sulfites, and SO2) during the winemaking process. In the US, no additional sulfites may be added to any organic product, including wine. In the EU, added sulfites are allowed in organic wine and determined by the kind of wine. Most other wine-producing countries do not have their own standards for organic wine and observe the standards of the nation importing the wine.
Biodynamic Wine: The concept behind biodynamics is that everything in the universe is interconnected and gives off a resonance or ‘vibe’. The interconnectivity of everything even includes celestial bodies like the moon, planets, and stars. Biodynamic viticulture is the practice of balancing this resonance between vine, man, earth, and starts. Essentially, biodynamic is a holistic view of agriculture. Biodynamics occur primarily in the vineyard before winemaking even happens. All the various tasks, from planting, pruning, to harvesting, are regulated by a special biodynamic calendar. Biodynamic certification prohibits the use of any chemicals or manufactured additives like commercial yeast. Instead, wine growers make special compost preparations with natural ingredients to bolster their vineyards.